Professors state “Java” not a good language

Found via Slashdot, some professors at NYU have written an article in a software engineering journal about the hazards of teaching students Java as their first programming language. It’s very enlightening, especially when they talk about the advantages other languages have to offer for problem solving. They also talk about how CS, as a discipline, is declining since students aren’t learning the fundamentals needed to actually solve problems; all they know how to do is fit the right part into the project and hope it works. When it doesn’t, they are at a loss to deal with it.

Here’s a quote from the article:

Because of its popularity in the context of Web applications and the ease with which beginners can produce graphical programs, Java has become the most widely used language in introductory programming courses. We consider this to be a misguided attempt to make programming more fun, perhaps in reaction to the drop in CS enrollments that followed the dot-com bust. What we observed at New York University is that the Java programming courses did not prepare our students for the first course in systems, much less for more advanced ones. Students found it hard to write programs that did not have a graphic interface, had no feeling for the relationship between the source program and what the hardware would actually do, and (most damaging) did not understand the semantics of pointers at all, which made the use of C in systems programming very challenging.

It is worth noting that the authors do have an interest in the Ada programming language, being part of AdaCore Inc.  Obviously they make a stand for learning Ada, so there is some bias to be expected. However, some of the ideas coincide with what I’ve learned over the years, especially having taken Java as my first programming course.

Personally, I think I learned more when I taught myself Python. It was the first time I actually understood OOP even though I “learned” it through Java and C++. I guess ultimately it’s whatever continued learning you do that makes you better. School is designed to make you “well rounded” and expose you to different ideas. Learning what’s needed to actually excel in your chosen field is left up to you.

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